Safe Hand Antiseptic Formulation Produce from Cymbopogon Citratus Essential Oils for Children with Special Needs to Anticipate The New Normal Protocols of The COVID-19 Pandemic

  • Asri Wijiastuti
  • Siti Masithoh
  • Febrita Ardianingsih
  • Asiyah Endah Palupi
  • Sujarwanto Sujarwanto
  • Fairus Niratama
Keywords: lemongrass; children with special needs; new normal; hand antiseptic; COVID-19


The goverment has set on June until December  as the recovery phase and must implement the new normal protocol. The policy applies to all levels of society including children with special needs who must start going to school gradually. This condition requires conscious effort to maintain personal health through paying attention to cleanliness of the hand to slow the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic. Handwashing with soap and use of hand antiseptics habit are the keys to success in preventing COVID-19 transmission. According Block (2001) repeated use of alcohol on hand antiseptic preparations can cause skin dryness and  irritation. The aim of this research is (1) to develop a non-alcoholic hand antiseptic formulation that is safe for children with  special needs made from lemongrass essential oils base carbomer-940 and CMC-Na gel. (2) examine of aorganoleptic test, pH, homogeneity, and consistency test of the product hand  antiseptic formulation. The research method is an experiment by conducting laboratory tests on the preperation of carbomer-940 and CMC-Na gel. The research result of carbomer-940 gel base with a concentration lemongrass essential oil 15% is clear yellow, thin, lemon odor, pH 6,6, homogeneous no granules, until a five days spend there is no phase separation, consistent, and non-sticky. The result of CMC-Na gel base is clear yellow, thick, lemon odor, pH 7,0, homogeneous, consistent with no phase separation, sticky. The conclution shows that using a carbomer-940 ge is more comfortable on the skin and is not sticky so panelists are preferable than CMC-Na gel.